Stratégie et structure de l'entreprise

Stratégie et structure de l'entreprise
Diplôme d'ingénieur de l'École et observatoire des sciences de la Terre (EOST)Parcours Diplôme d'ingénieur de l'EOST


Il s'agit ici de présenter les bases du management stratégique, en même temps qu'on rappelle ce qu'est une entreprise dans ses formes organisationnelles anciennes et modernes. L'organisation de la firme et sa stratégie sont en effet des aspects liées et évoluant en parallèle.
Les modèles de base du management remontent aux années d'après-guerre aux Etats-Unis (modèles de la Harvard Business School), enrichis dans les années 70 par les approches synthétiques des grands consultants (de BCG à McKinsey), puis à partir des années 80 par les apports de l'économie industrielle, en particulier sous l'impulsion de Michael Porter.
Les problèmes contemporains de gouvernance d'entreprise relient typiquement les questions stratégiques à la dimension organisationnelle, en introduisant les notions de contrôle et d'incitation. Ils sont à la fois dépendants d'une évolution mondiale (liée à la financiarisation de l'économie) et de traditions nationales qui perdurent.

The aim of this course is to present the basics of strategic management, while recalling what a firm is in its ancient and modern organizational forms. The organization of the firm and its strategy are indeed linked aspects that evolve in parallel.
The basic models of management date back to the post-war years in the United States (Harvard Business School models), enriched in the 1970s by the synthetic approaches of the major consultants (from BCG to McKinsey), and then from the 1980s onwards by the contributions of industrial economics, in particular under the impetus of Michael Porter.
Contemporary problems of corporate governance typically link strategic issues to the organizational dimension, by introducing the notions of control and incentive. They are at the same time dependent on a global evolution (linked to the financialization of the economy) and on national traditions that persist.

School regulations

The curriculum includes three years of study: admissions, the organisation of studies, assessments, placements and vivas, graduation and international exchanges are all explained in the current school rules (pdf).

First and second year courses

First and second year courses

  • General modules: mechanics, geology, mathematics, IT, digital analysis, signal processing, inverse methods.
  • Geophysical methods: physics of the Earth, seismology, seismic modelling and imaging, geodesy, gravimetry, potential methods, geomagnetism, electromagnetism, rock physics and fracture, hydrology.
  • Practical work: geophysical measurements in the field (photo) and in the laboratory, geology field placements in the Alps.
  • Languages and economic and social sciences: English, modern language 2, economics, industrial property, management, sustainable development, ethics, quality, company health and safety
  • IT and research projects, shared with the first year of the master’s degree
  • Summer placements at a laboratory or company, with numerous opportunities abroad (international placement contact: Mike Heap)

Third year course

Students have a choice of 3 specialisations in the third year:

  • Geophysics applied to the exploration and production of raw materials: seismic and hydrodynamic characterisation of reservoirs, seismic processing and interpretation, potential methods.
  • Geophysics applied to geotechnics: geotechnics and the resistance of materials applied in civil engineering, geomechanics, hydrogeophysics, electromagnetic methods, earthquake.
  • Hydrogeology, hydrogeochemistry, hydrogeophysics (HydroG3).

Additional teaching:

  • Languages and economic and social sciences: English, energy economy, company strategy and structure.
  • Geophysics field camp in Alsace (photo).  Here are images of a normal fault in the Rhine Graben taken by students.
  • 6-month industry placement culminating in the writing of a dissertation and a viva before a jury in order to obtain the engineering degree. The placements are carried out all over the world.