Patrick Baud

Personal information

Nationality: French

Languages: French, English (fluent) and Portuguese (basic)

Email: patrick.baud@unistra.fr

Position: Professeur

Office: D 411 (5, rue René Descartes)

Tel: (33) 3 68 85 00 83

Employment and Education

EDUCATION

2005: Habilitation to supervise research: Compaction, dilatancy and failure in crustal rocks

1991-1995: Ph.D.- Thesis: Theoretical and experimental study of crustal rock fracturing (EOST Strasbourg, France).

1988-1991: Engineering school in Geophysics (EOST).

 

WORK EXPERIENCE

September 2009-present: Professor of Geophysics at EOST Strasbourg, in charge of the Rock Physics, Hydrology, borehole Geophysics and Fracture Mechanics courses.

August 2008 – December 2009: Invited professor at Universitade Federal of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

September 2000 – August 2009: Assistant professor (Maître de conferences) at EOST Strasbourg.

September 1997 – August 2000: Post-doctoral position funded by the Research Foundation of State University of New York

November 1996 - August 1997: ATER contract at EOPGS (Research and teaching temporary contract)

September 1995 - October 1996: Post-doctoral position funded by the European Community (Human capital and mobility) at the Rock and Ice Physics Laboratory of University College London.

Research Interests

  • Compaction bands in porous sandstone
  • Dilatancy, compaction, failure and fluid flow in carbonate rocks
  • Time-dependent deformation in rocks
  • X-ray Computed Microtomography (mCT)
  • Physical properties and damage in volcanic rocks

Teaching and Responsibilities

TEACHING EXPERIENCE

2000-present: Rock Physics, Fracture mechanics, Continuum Mechanics, Hydrology and Borehole Geophysics lectures at EOST

1991-1995: Rock Physics and Rock Mechanics lectures at EOST (Theory of elasticity, Fracture mechanics, Thermoporoelasticity, Rock properties...)

1991-1995: Practicals in Geophysics.

1996-1997: Lectures in Rock Mechanics, Rock Physics, Geostatistics, Hydrology and Electromagnetism at EOST.


COLLECTIVE RESPONSABILITIES AND ASSOCIATIONS 

  • 2016-present: Member of the National University Comittee (CNU) section 35
  • 2016-present: Head of the Master Earth Science Excellence of EOST
  • 2015-present: Leader of the WG4 (Rock Physics) of the LABEX G-EAU-THERMIE Profonde
  • 1997-present: Member of American Geophysical Union (AGU)
  • 2006-present: Member of the teaching comittee of EOST
  • 2007-2015: Organisation of the 3rd year of the EOST Engineering school
  • 2008-present: Member of the admission comittee of EOST
  • 2009-present: Member of the European Association for Geoscientists and Engineers (EAGE)
  • 2009-present: Coordinator of final internships at the EOST Engineering school
  • 2012-present: Honorary professor of University College London
  • 2013-2015: Co-Head of the International Master "Subterranean Reservoirs of Energy" (SRE) with Mikhail Panfilov (ENSG, Nancy)

 

  • 2007: Organisation of the session “The role of fluids on faults: Mechanical aspects”, European Geosciences Union, Vienna, Austria.
  • 2008: Organisation of the session “Thermo-hydro-mechanical coupling and imaging of deformation in rocks”, European Geosciences Union, Vienna, Austria.
  • 2009: Organisation of the 8th Euroconférence of Rock Physics and Geomechanics, “Thermo-Hydro-Chemo-Mechanical coupling applied to reservoir, CO2 sequestration and waste disposal“, Ascona, Switzerland.
  • 2010: Organisation of the session “The physical and mechanical properties of porous carbonate rocks,European Geosciences Union, Vienna, Austria.
  • 2012: Organisation of the session “Strain localization and hydro-mechanical coupling, European Geosciences Union, Vienna, Austria.

Publications

[72] Heap, M.J., B.M. Kennedy, J.I. Farquharson, J. Ashworth, K. Mayer, M. Letham-Brake, T. Reuschlé, H.A. Gilg, B. Scheu, Y. Lavallée, P. Siratovich, J. Cole, A.D. Jolly, P. Baud, D.B. Dingwell, (2016), A multidisciplinary approach to quantify the permeability of the Whakaari/White Island volcanic hydrothermal system (Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand), Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2016.12.004.

[71] Farquharson, J. I., M. J. Heap, and P. Baud, Strain-induced permeability increase in volcanic rock, Geophysical Research Letters, 43, DOI:10.1002/2016GL071540, 2016.

[70] Baud, P., A. Rolland, M. J. Heap, T. Xu, M. Nicolé, T. Ferrand, T. Reuschlé, R. Toussaint, and N. Conil, Impact of Stylolites on the mechanical strength of limestones, Tectonophysics, 690, 4-20, 2016.

[69] Griffiths, L., M. J. Heap, F. Wang, D. Daval, H. A. Gilg, P. Baud, J. Schmittbuhl, A. Genter, Geothermal implications for fracture filling hydrothermal precipitation, Geothermics, 64, 235-245, 2016.

[68] Farquharson, J., M J. Heap, Y. Lavallée, N. R. Varley, and P. Baud, Evidence for permeability heterogeneity in volcanic conduits, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 323, 163-185, 2016.

[67] Farquharson, J., M. J. Heap, P. Baud, T. Reuschlé, and N. R. Varley, Pore pressure embrittlement in a volcanic edifice, Bulletin of Volcanology, 78(1), 1-19, 2016.

[66] Rustichelli, A., C. Di Celma, E; Tondi, P. Baud, and S. Vinciguerra, Fibrous gypsum veins as diffuse features and within fault zones: the case study of the Pisco Basin (Isca desert, Southern Peru), J. Geol Societ., doi:10.1144/jgs2015-084, 2016.

[65] Baud, P., T. Reuschlé, Y. Ji, C. Cheung, and T.-f. Wong, Mechanical compaction and strain localization in Bleurswiller sandstone, J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth, 120, doi:10.1002/2015JB012192, 2015.

[64] Rustichelli, A., E. Tondi, I. Korneva, P. Baud, S. Vinciguerra, F. Agosta, T. Reuschlé, J.M. Janiseck, Bedding parallel stylolites in shallow-water limestone successions of the Apulian Carbonate Platform (central-southern Italy), Italian J. Geos., 134 (3), 513-534, 2015.

[63] Heap M. J., Brantut, N., Baud, P., and Meredith P. G., 2015. Time-dependent compaction band formation in sandstone. Journal of Geophysical Research. DOI: 10.1002/2015JB012022. [OPEN ACCESS]

[62] Heap, M. J., J. I. Farquharson, P. Baud, Y. Lavallée, and T. Reuschlé, 2015. Fracture and compaction of andesite in a volcanic edifice. Bulletin of Volcanology. 77: 55. DOI: 10.1007/s00445-015-0938-7. [OPEN ACCESS]

[61] Farquharson, J. I., M. J. Heap, N. Varley, P. Baud, and T. Reuschlé, 2015. Permeability and porosity relationships of edifice-forming andesites: A combined field and laboratory study. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 297, 52-68. [pdf]

[60] Heap, M. J., B. Kennedy, N. Perrin, L. Jacquemard, P. Baud, J. I. Farquharson, B. Scheu, Y. Lavallée, H. A. Gilg, M. Letham-Brake, K. Mayer, A. D. Jolly, T. Reuschlé, and D. B. Dingwell, 2015. Mechanical behaviour and failure modes in the Whakaari (White Island volcano) hydrothermal system, New Zealand. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2015.02.012. [OPEN ACCESS]

[59] Voorn, M., U. Exner, A. Barnhoorn, P. Baud, and T. Reuschlé, Porosity, permeability and 3D fracture network characterisation of dolomite reservoir rock samples, J. Petrol. Sci. Eng., 127, 270-285, 2015.

[58] Ji, Y., S. Hall, P. Baud, and T.-f. Wong, Characterization of pore structure and strain localization in Majella limestone by X-ray computed tomography and digital image correlation, Geophys. J. Int., 200, 701-719, 2015.

[57] Brantut, N., M. Heap, P. Baud, and P.G Meredith. Mechanisms of time-dependent deformation in porous limestone, J. Geophys. Res., 119(7), 5444-5463, 2014. [OPEN ACCESS]

[56] Cilona, A., D.R. Faulkner, E. Tondi, F. Agosta, L. Mancini, A. Rustichelli, P. Baud, and S. Vinciguerra, The effect of rock heterogeneity on compaction localization in porous carbonates, J. Struct. Geol., 67, 75-93, 2014.

[55] Heap, M., L. Petrakova, Y. Lavallée, P. Baud, N.R. Varley, and D.B. Dingwell, Microstructural controls on the physical and mechanical properties of edifice-forming andesites at Volcan de Colima, Mexico, J. Geophys. Res., 119(4), 2925-2963, 2014. [OPEN ACCESS]

[54] Brantut, N., M. J. Heap, P. Baud, and P. G. Meredith, 2014. Rate and strain-dependent brittle deformation of rocks. Journal of Geophysical Research, DOI: 10.1002/2013JB010448. [OPEN ACCESS]

[53] Heap, M. J., Baud, P., Meredith, P. G., Vinciguerra, S., Reuschlé, T., 2014. The permeability and elastic moduli of tuff from Campi Flegrei, Italy: Implications for ground deformation modelling. Solid Earth, 5, 25-44. [OPEN ACCESS]

[52] Heap, M. J., Baud, P., Reuschlé, T., and Meredith, P. G., 2014. Stylolites in limestones: Barriers to fluid flow? Geology, 42, 51-54doi:10.1130/G34900.1. [OPEN ACCESS]

[51] Brantut, N., Baud, P., Heap, M. J., and Meredith, P. G., 2013. Mechanics of time-dependent deformation in crustal rocks. Poromechanics V - Proceedings of the 5th Biot Conference on Poromechanics, 407-414. [pdf]

[50] Baud, P., T.-f. Wong, and W. Zhu, Effects of Porosity and Crack Density on Compressive Strength of Rocks, Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci., 67, 202-211, 2014.

[49] Rolland, A., R. Toussaint, P. Baud, N. Conil, and P. Landrein, Morphological analysis of sedimentary stylolites for paleostress estimation in limestones surrounding the Andra Underground Research Laboratory site, Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci., 67, 212-225, 2014.

[48] Brantut, N., M. J. Heap, P. G. Meredith, and P. Baud, 2013. Time-dependent cracking and brittle creep in crustal rocks: A review. Journal of Structural Geology, 52, 17-43. [pdf]

[47] Ji, Y., Baud, P., Wong, T., Liu, L., 2013. Quantitative characterization of 3D pore structure in porous limestone, Advanced Materials Research,  671-674, 1830-1834.

[46] Heap, M., S. Mollo, S. Vinciguerra, Y. Lavallée, K.-U. Hess, D.B. Dingwell, P. Baud, G. Iezzi, Thermal weakening of the carbonate basement under Mt. Etna volcano (Italy): Implications for volcano instability, J. Volcan. Geotherm. Res., 250, 42-60, 2013. [pdf]

[45] Cheung, C., P. Baud, T.-f Wong, Effect of grain size distribution on the development of compaction localization in porous sandstone, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L21302, 2012. [pdf]

[44] Vajdova, V., P. Baud, L. Wu, and T.-f. Wong, Micromechanics of inelastic compaction in two allochemical limestones, J. Struct. Geol., 43, 100-117, 2012. [pdf]

[43] Ji, Y., P. Baud, V. Vajdova, and T.-f. Wong, Characterization of pore geometry of Indiana limestone in relation to mechanical compaction, Oil & Gas Science and Technology - Revue de l’Institut Français du Pétrole, DOI: 10.2516/ogst/2012051, 2012. [pdf]

[42] Wong, T.-f., and P. Baud, The brittle-ductile transition in rocks: A review, J. Struct. Geol., 44, 25-53, 2012. [pdf]

[41] Brantut, N., P. Baud, M.J. Heap, and P.G. Meredith, 2012. Micromechanics of Brittle Creep in Rocks. J. Geophys. Res - Solid Earth. doi:10.1029/2012JB009299. [pdf]

[40] Rolland, A., Toussaint, R., Baud, P.,Schmittbuhl, J., Conil, N., Koehn, D.,Renard, F., Gratier, J.-P., 2012. Modeling the growth of stylolites in sedimentary rocks, Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth 117 (6) , art. no. B06403. [pdf]

[39] Cilona, A., Baud, P., Tondi, E., Agosta, F., Vinciguerra, S., Rustichelli, A.,Spiers, C.J., 2012. Deformation bands in porous carbonate grainstones: Field and laboratory observations, Journal of Structural Geology, in press. [pdf]

[38] Baud, P., Meredith, P., Townend, E., 2012. Permeability evolution during triaxial compaction of an anisotropic porous sandstone, Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth 117 (5) , art. no. B05203, doi:10.1029/2012JB009176. [pdf]

[37] Baud, P., Vajdova, V., Zhu, W., Wong, t.-F., 2011. Micromechanics of cataclastic pore collapse in porous limestone, Society of Petroleum Engineers - 73rd European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2011 - Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2011 2 , pp. 981-985. [pdf]

[36] Zhu, W., Baud, P., Vinciguerra, S., Wong, T.-F., 2011. Micromechanics of brittle faulting and cataclastic flow in Alban Hills tuff, Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth 116 (6), art. no. B06209. [pdf]

[35] Heap, M.J., Baud, P.,Meredith, P.G., Vinciguerra, S.,Bell, A.F., Main, I.G., 2011. Brittle creep in basalt and its application to time-dependent volcano deformation, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 307 (1-2), pp. 71-82. [pdf]

[34] Baud, P., Schubnel, A., 2011. Preface, Tectonophysics 503 (1-2), pp. 1-2. [pdf]

[33] Louis, L., Wong, T.-f., Baud, P., 2010. X-ray imaging of compactant strain localization in sandstone, Advances in X-ray Tomography for Geomaterials, J. Desrues, C. Viggiani and P. Bésuelle (ed.), doi: 10.1002/9780470612187.ch16. [pdf]

[32] Zhu, W., P. Baud, T.-f. Wong, Micromechanics of cataclastic pore collapse in porous limestone, 2010. J. Geophys Res., 115 (4), doi:10.1029/2009JB006610. [pdf]

[31] Baud, P. Louis, L., Rolland, A., Vajdova, V., Wong, T.-f., 2009. Geometric attributes of discrete compaction bands and their effect on permeability in porous sandstone, PORO-MECHANICS IV, Ling H., Smyth, A., Betti, R. ed., 347-352. [pdf]

[30] Ventura, G., Vinciguerra, S., Moretti, S., Meredith, P.G., Heap, M., Baud, P., Shapiro, S., Dinske, C., Kummerow, J., 2009. Understanding slow deformation before dynamic failure, Geophysical Hazards, International Year of Planet Earth, T. Beer (ed.), DOI.10.1007/978-90-481-3236-2_14. [pdf]

[29] Wong, T.-f, Baud, P., 2009. Grain crushing, pore collapse and strain localization in porous sandstone, in Mechanics of Natural Solids, ed. D. Kolymbas and G. Viggiani, Springer, Berlin, 239-254. [pdf]

[28] Heap, M.J., Baud, P.,Meredith, P.G., 2009. Influence of temperature on brittle creep in sandstones, Geophysical Research Letters 36 (19), art. no. L19305. [pdf]

[27] Heap, M.J., Baud, P.,Meredith, P.G., Bell, A.F., Main, I.G., 2009. Time-dependent brittle creep in darley dale sandstone, Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth 114 (7), art. no. B07203. [pdf]

[26] Louis, L., Baud, P., Wong, T.-F., 2009. Microstructural inhomogeneity and mechanical anisotropy associated with bedding in rothbach sandstone, Pure and Applied Geophysics166 (5-7), pp. 1063-1087. [pdf]

[25] Baud, P., Vinciguerra, S.,David, C., Cavallo, A., Walker, E., Reuschlé, T., 2009. Compaction and failure in high porosity carbonates: Mechanical data and microstructural observations, Pure and Applied Geophysics166 (5-7), pp. 869-898. [pdf]

[24] Tembe, S., Baud, P., Wong, T.-F., 2008. Stress conditions for the propagation of discrete compaction bands in porous sandstone, Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth 113 (9), art. no. B09409. [pdf]

[23] Townend, E., Thompson, B.D., Benson, P.M., Meredith, P.G., Baud, P., Young, R.P., 2008. Imaging compaction band propagation in Diemelstadt sandstone using acoustic emission locations, Geophysical Research Letters 35 (15), art. no. L15301. [pdf]

[22] Louis, L., Baud, P., Wong, T.-F., 2007. Characterization of pore-space heterogeneity in sandstone by X-ray computed tomography, Geological Society Special Publication (284), pp. 127-146. [pdf]

[21] Tembe, S., Vajdova, V., Baud, P., Zhu, W., Wong, T.-f., 2007. A new methodology to delineate the compactive yield cap of two porous sandstones under undrained condition, Mechanics of Materials 39 (5), pp. 513-523. [pdf]

[20] Louis, L., Wong, T.-F., Baud, P., 2007. Imaging strain localization by X-ray radiography and digital image correlation: Deformation bands in Rothbach sandstone, Journal of Structural Geology29 (1), pp. 129-140. [pdf]

[19] Baud, P., Vajdova, V., Wong, T.-F., 2006. Shear-enhanced compaction and strain localization: Inelastic deformation and constitutive modeling of four porous sandstones, Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth 111 (12), art. no. B12401. [pdf]

[18] Louis, L., Wong, T.-f., Baud, P., Tembe, S., 2006. Imaging strain localization by X-ray computed tomography: discrete compaction bands in Diemelstadt sandstone, Journal of Structural Geology28 (5), pp. 762-775. [pdf]

[17] Baud, P., Louis, L., David, C.,Rawling, G.C., Wong, T.-F., 2005. Effects of bedding and foliation on mechanical anisotropy, damage evolution and failure mode, Geological Society Special Publication (245), pp. 223-249. [pdf]

[16] Vajdova, V., Baud, P., Wong, T.-F., 2004. Compaction, dilatancy, and failure in porous carbonate rocks, Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth 109 (10), pp. B05204, doi:10.1029/2003JB002508 [pdf]

[15] Vajdova, V., Baud, P., Wong, T.-F., 2004. Permeability evolution during localized deformation in Bentheim sandstone , Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth 109 (10), pp. B10406 1-15. [pdf]

[14] Baud, P., Klein, E., Wong, T.-F., 2004. Compaction localization in porous sandstones: Spatial evolution of damage and acoustic emission activity, Journal of Structural Geology26 (4), pp. 603-624. [pdf]

[13] Zhu, W., Baud, P., Wong, T.-f., 2003. Dilatancy and post-yielding behavior in porous sandstones: A new loading path, Proceedings of the 39th US Rock Mechanics Symposium, P.J. Culligan, H.H. Einstein, and A.J. Whittle editors, Soi land Rock America 2003, 437-444. [pdf]

[12] Bésuelle, P., Baud, P., Wong, T.-F., 2003. Failure mode and spatial distribution of damage in Rothbach sandstone in the brittle-ductile transition, Pure and Applied Geophysics160 (5-6), pp. 851-868. [pdf]

[11] Rawling, G.C., Baud, P.,Wong, T.-F., 2002. Dilatancy, brittle strength, and anisotropy of foliated rocks: Experimental deformation and micromechanical modeling, Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth 107 (10), pp. ETG 8-1 - 8-14. [pdf]

[10] Wong, T.-F., Baud, P., Klein, E., 2001. Localized failure modes in a compactant porous rock, Geophysical Research Letters28 (13), pp. 2521-2524. [pdf]

[9] Klein, E., Baud, P., Reuschlé, T., Wong, T.-F., 2001. Mechanical behaviour and failure mode of Bentheim sandstone under triaxial compression, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Part A: Solid Earth and Geodesy 26 (1-2), pp. 21-25. [pdf]

[8] Baud, P., Schubnel, A., Wong, T.-F., 2000. Dilatancy, compaction, and failure mode in Solnhofen limestone, Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth 105 (B8), pp. 19289-19303. [pdf]

[7] Baud, P., Zhu, W., Wong, T.-F., 2000. Failure mode and weakening effect of water on sandstone, Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth 105 (B7), pp. 16371-16389. [pdf]

[6] Wu, X.Y., Baud, P., Wong, T., 2000. Micromechanics of compressive failure and spatial evolution of anisotropic damage in Darley Dale sandstone, International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences 37 (1-2), pp. 143-160. [pdf]

[5] Wong, T.F., Baud, P., 1999. Mechanical compaction of porous sandstone, Oil and Gas Science and Technology 54 (6), pp. 715-727. [pdf]

[4] Baud, P., Reuschlé, T., 1997. A theoretical approach to the propagation of interacting cracks, Geophysical Journal International 130 (2), pp. 460-468. [pdf]

[3] Baud, P., Meredith, P.G., 1997. Damage accumulation during triaxial creep of Darley Dale sandstone from pore volumometry and acoustic emission, International journal of rock mechanics and mining sciences & geomechanics abstracts 34 (3-4), pp. 371. [pdf]

[2] Baud, P., Reuschlé, T.,Charlez, P., 1996. An improved wing crack model for the deformation and failure of rock in compression, International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences and Geomechanics33 (5), pp. 539-542. [pdf]

[1] Glover, P.W.J., Baud, P.,Darot, M., Meredith, P.G.,Boon, S.A., LeRavaleq, M.,Zoussi, S., Reusché, T., 1995. α/β phase transition in quartz monitored using acoustic emissions, Geophysical Journal International 120 (3), pp. 775-782. [pdf]